The Pomeranian – Big Dog In a Little Body!

Are you looking for a small, quiet companion? One who is quite happy to sit on your lap or stay around the house and be fed little treats and tidbits?

If this is you, FORGET the mighty Pomeranian! These dogs are all of the above, but so much more, as well!

They are power-packed and full of toy-dog energy. Known for loyalty and intelligence, the Pomeranian is easy to train and loves learning tricks and commands. ‘Poms’ also make fantastic guard dogs, keen to warn you of any impending intrusion into the home or car.

A Little Pomeranian History

Pomeranian spitz dog

Descended from spitz-type dogs, Poms initially acted as guard and sled dogs. The Pomeranian we know today is much smaller than their wolfish ancestors. Don’t be fooled by their diminutive size, though, as they haven’t caught on that they are a toy-dog-breed. They are fearless and will confidently stand-up to far bigger dogs. The Pomeranian name is due to association with the area known as Pomerania. You’ll find Pomerania in northern Poland.

The breed became extremely popular in high-society circles after the British Monarchy, most notably Queen Victoria took these spirited little dogs to her heart. Other notable Pom owners were Mozart and Marie Antoinette.

Did you know that two Pomeranian dogs survived the sinking of the Titanic? 

Also, the Pomeranian is a favored breed and is 24th on the most popular dog breeds list by the AKC in 2019.

Pomeranian Characteristics

Two Poms running in the grass

The Pom has a double coat consisting of a short, thick, soft undercoat and a longer, rougher overcoat. They have a distinctive, high-set tail that curls up over the back end.

An energetic, confident gait and attentive manner are hallmarks of this bright and clever little dog.

Size and Weight

The spitz-type dog weighed in at up to 30lb. The Pomeranian is now 3 to 7lb and around 7 inches in height. Moreover, they can enjoy a long life, typically 12-16 years, when cared for correctly.


Pomeranians are sociable, intelligent, curious, confident, charming, loyal, and lots of fun. They are happy, energetic, and very loving.

Pom Care & Grooming

There is a vast difference between a show-dog and a pet-dog when it comes to grooming. Poms are very popular for showing, and the owners’ time and effort is a lifestyle choice. For most of us, we just want our dog to be happy and healthy.

Hand brushing her Pomeranian

Grooming Needs

The Pomeranian coat isn’t hard to look after, but regular grooming is essential. Start grooming at an early age, so your dog gets used to it. Always use a good quality bristle brush. A slicker brush may be necessary if your Poms' coat gets tangled or matted.

The American Kennel Club (AKC) recommends weekly brushing and checking your Poms' teeth. Cleaning your dog’s teeth can be difficult if they aren’t comfortable with it. Starting any activity early in their life will always make it easier later on. See a professional if you’re unsure how to do any of the grooming essentials.

The AKC also advises bathing your Pom every four to six weeks to keep its coat clean and in good condition. Use a good quality shampoo specially formulated for dogs. Some medicated shampoos can keep fleas and skin irritations at bay.

Your dog should have its ears and eyes cleaned and nails trimmed regularly. Nails that are too long can cause pain, and dogs can develop foot problems.

Woman training white pomeranian in park

Training & Exercise

Intelligent and energetic, the Pomeranian is straightforward to train. They love agility and obedience training. Wanting to please their owner is very important to the Pomeranian.

Pomeranians are small-scale dogs with high energy levels, so they love games and walks. There is no reason that you can’t walk your Pom for 20 minutes, have a rest and a drink of water, then head home again.

Note: It’s essential to keep their hydration up on longer walks and hotter days. As their coats are a double layer, they can overheat quite quickly.

Health Issues

Poms are generally very healthy, but they can have a propensity for specific health issues like all dogs. It’s always a good idea to find your local veterinary clinic and have your dog checked over if you have concerns.

Luxating Patella (kneecaps that slip out of place) this condition is common in many toy breeds and can be corrected surgically if necessary.

Collapsing Trachea (a weakening of the windpipe) will result in breathing difficulties when it occurs. This condition is usually intermittent but may get worse as the dog ages.

Other health issues to be aware of are:

Feeding Your Pom

Any high-quality meal plan will keep your Pomeranian healthy. Moreover, specific small breed diets should contain high-quality ingredients for little dogs’ metabolism.

A mixture of wet and dry food will keep them happy with a variety of tastes and textures.

Are Pomeranians Good Family Dogs?

Happy Pom staring into camera

Because of its small size and lively, playful energy levels, Pomeranians are NOT always the best choice for families with young children.

Finding Your Pomeranian

There are many reputable Pomeranian breeders. You could do an internet search for your specific area or check out Pomeranian HQ's website for more information.

Please, NEVER buy puppies from a puppy mill.

If you are keen to adopt a dog, an animal shelter is a great place to start your search. You’d be surprised and shocked to read how many dogs go through state shelters.

Final Thoughts

The Pomeranian makes an excellent companion for the right person. They are fun, easy to train, and energetic. In addition, they love games and exercise, but equally, they enjoy just being with you. Note, they can be cheeky, but they are full of character and have a happy demeanor.

Moreover, they have retained their ancestral instinct to be a watch-dog and will certainly let you know if someone they don’t know is around.

A Pomeranian is a perfect choice if you’re looking for a toy dog with a big spirit.

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